A New View Of Society By Robert Owen
“A New View of Society” by Robert Owen Essay
Robert Owen was one of the founders of utopian socialism and acquired much attention for the works and activities based on his ideas. His ideas proceed to attract the attention of social reformers though being thought-about utopian. A New View of Society (1813) sheds gentle on Owen’s ideology and important ideas he relied on while formulating his primary social concepts.
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The analysis of A New View of Society helps to grasp that though the writer’s socialist ideas have been geared toward benefiting the society, their controversial and contestable nature makes them irrelevant and unreliable.
Several primary concepts can be identified while studying the text. The first one is expounded to the creator’s belief in the central role of circumstances in the process of the formation of the individual’s character. Owen’s assumptions depend on the concept folks don’t have the facility to form their character primarily based on their natural tendencies and traits.
The author claims that human persona largely depends on the external circumstances offered by the society. According to such a view, people are considered passive subjects severely influenced by society and have little power to withstand the pressure of situations they face whereas rising up1.
Such an concept appears to be quite contestable, because the role of an individual’s unique traits in the formation of the worldview leading to subsequent actions should not be underestimated. Owen’s ideas about the important influence of the circumstances on the particular person’s character and choices have a rational facet however can’t be considered the true ones due to the lack of objectivity.
Another central concept of the text is related to the author’s statements in regards to the unfairness of justifying individuals’s actions according to society’s standards. Owen claims that society has no right to punish individuals for committing crimes because it trains them to do so2.
The author believes that the society can be thought of “a scene of insincerity” because it judges folks according to “grossly false” laws that don’t keep in mind the truth that only the community can be blamed for the unrighteous actions of the individual3. The author emphasizes that any particular person can become “enlightened” if put beneath the best circumstances created by the society4.
The creator believes that individuals cannot be accountable for his or her habits, as solely society has the power to vary them5. Such concepts seem to be not well-grounded as they do not take into accounts the facility of human character to develop varied traits beneath the identical circumstances. Different individuals attain the opposite habits and form varied views although put in the same situation. Therefore, relying on such concepts is kind of harmful, as they look like irrelevant.
Though Owen had pure and noble goals associated to creating the society fairer and eliminating the uneducated and ignorant lessons, the concepts proposed in A New View of Society reflect the creator’s views that were too idealistic and utopian to be considered dependable.
Leopold, David. “Education and Utopia: Robert Owen and Charles Fourier.” Oxford Review of Education 37, no. 5 (2011): 619-635.
Owen, Robert. “A New View of Society.” In Sources for Western Society, Volume 2: From the Age of Exploration to the Present, 3rd ed., edited by John McKay, Clare Haru Crowston, Merry Wiesner-Hanks, and Joe Perry, 326-330. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013.
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