# Basic Concepts of Quantitative Reasoning

Thus, quantitative reasoning enables a person to understand and draw conclusions from a variety of information and apply the most appropriate solution to a problem. Therefore, a “well-educated citizen can apply QR [quantatitative reasoning] skills to daily contexts: for instance, understanding the power of compound interest or the uses and abuses of percentages; using fundamental statistical analysis to gauge the accuracy of a statistical study; or applying the principles of logic and rhetoric to real world arguments” (Davidson and McKinney).

Furthermore, “[q]uantitative literacy is a way of thinking and reasoning that cuts across all disciplines. It is the historian analyzing a document for authenticity, or the attorney carefully structuring an argument, or the social worker calculating the mileage he or she traveled to see a client, or the college administrator evaluating the cost/benefit of canceling a class… ” (Wittman-Grahler, Russell and Harding). Hence, professionals employ quantitative reasoning to perform a task or arrive at a decision.

Therefore, concerns or issues that people encounter become less of an ordeal because quantitative reasoning allows individuals to outweight the benefits and risks of any endeavor. Health and medical researchers constantly encounter data and figures, be it the effectiveness of a medicine or the life expectancy of a person diagnosed with a certain disease. Health and medical researchers rely on quantitative data and their skills to provide reliable data that will help medical professionals base life-altering decisions.

Thus, statistics aids health and medical researchers and professionals because “[c]ollecting and analyzing data with quantitative strategies includes understanding the relationships among variables. ” (Maldonado). As Wittman-Grahler, Harding and Russell put it, “As our society becomes more information dependent…. there is an increased need for citizens to be quantitatively literate. We are bombarded daily by tables, charts, numbers, and graphs. We make financial and health care decisions based on statistics.

” However, data and figures do not revolve only in the medical or mathematical field. Sport fanatics, gamblers and drivers-for instance- deal with figures in some way. Hence, analyzing and interpreting data and figures to arrive at a conclusion go beyond the professional field. Quantitative reasoning is an essential skill that everyone must possess. It helps a person deal with the challenges of daily life by being equipped with the proper reasoning, logic and problem solving capabilities.

These include interpreting and analyzing data, explicating facts, and drawing conclusions to come up with the best or most appropriate solution to a situation.

References: Maldonado, R. (n. d) In search of truth through quantitative reasoning. Retrieved January 9, 2008 from http://www. socialresearchmethods. net/tutorial/Maldon/validity. htm Institutional Assessment and Studies. (2007, October 31). Reports: Quantitative Reasoning Competency. Retrieved January 7, 2008.