French Revolution Question Essay

1 ) Describe the 3 estates of France. Who paid the revenue enhancements? Who held the wealth and power in France?

The first estate was the top 1 % of population which is the authorities. church. and clergy work forces. They experienced particular privileges and paid no revenue enhancements.

The Second Estate is made up of the 2 % of population and included aristocracy. They experienced particular privileges and were taxed lightly.

The Third Estate was made P of the “common” population. They included attorneies. merchandisers. and provincials. They were made up of the Bourgeoisie which is the in-between category which is the highest part of the 3rd estate.

2 ) Define autonomy and equality.

Liberty is freedom. guaranteed human rights. no censoring. and political sovereignty. Equality is extension of rights to everybody ( white work forces ) .

3 ) Discuss the fiscal crisis in France on the Eve of the Revolution. Why was the job so sculpt in a state that had considerable wealth?

France was in debt from the Seven Years’ War ad American Revolution. They besides had an inefficient revenue enhancement system.

4 ) What was the Tennis Court Oath?

The Tennis tribunal curse was on June 20. King Louis Sixteen locks the National Assembly out of their traditional meeting topographic point. The National Assembly is force to run into on a nearby tennis tribunal. Members of the National Assembly pledge to non disband until they give France a fundamental law which became known as the Tennis Court Oath. The National Assembly so becomes known as the National Constituent assembly.

5 ) What was the Great Fear?

The Great Fear was when rumours of royal military personnels being sent into rural territories spark rebellions.

6 ) What was the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen?

On August 1789. the National Assembly sets forth a statement of their rules in the Declaration of the Rights of Man ad Citizen. It was influenced by the Bill of Rights in the U. S. it was directed against specific abused of the old government. It was merely applied to work forces and there was no reference of the male monarch.

7 ) What were the policies of the National Constituent Assembly toward the Catholic Church?

They have a refund of national debts through arrogation of church lands. They had an issue of assignments which are authorities bonds. There was an issue of civil fundamental law of the clergy. They transformed the Roman Catholic Church into a authorities organic structure. This embittered dealingss between church and province.

8 ) What were the reforms of the National Assembly?

One reform was the creative activity of a constitutional monarchy. The monarchy would hold to follow the regulations. warrant that their regulations would be agreed on. The autonomies were guranteed by jurisprudence and they were inspired by the Bill of Rights. This reformed the economic system and they needed an efficient revenue enhancement system. Another reform was when the Estates General becomes the National Assembly. The 3rd estate called for a new legislative organic structure with one house alternatively of three. Gthe 3rd estate interruptions off from the Estates General and asks the first and 2nd estates to fall in. June 19. 1789 all estates join together in new legislative organic structure. This is called the National Assembly. The representatives were made by the population. Another reform of the Assembly was made by the Parisian adult females. On October 5. 1789 adult females marched to Versailles to coerce the King to come to Paris to see the depression and hungriness.

9 ) What function did the adult females of Paris drama in the Revolution?

On October 5. 1789 7. 000 Parisian Women upset by increased hungriness an unemployment March To Versailles. They invaded royal flats. kill organic structure guards in hunt for royal household. They forced the male monarch to decree the countenances of the National Assembly. They demanded the royal household to return to Paris. They showed how they could come together and turn out their strength as adult females

10 ) Who were the sans-culottes?

The Sans-Culottes were referred to “without breeches” which refers to those who wore long pants alternatively of blue articulatio genus knee pantss. They were the most extremist group and demanded alleviation from nutrient deficits and lifting monetary values. societal equality. republican authorities.

11 ) What was the Committee of Public Safety?

The Committee of Public Safety was established by the Convention in April 1793. Their end was to salvage the revolution from enemies at place ad abroad. The leaders were Jacques Danton and Maximilian Robespierre. The Committee was opposed to weak policies of Girondins and worked with Sans-Culottes.

12 ) What was the Reign of Terror?

The Reign if Terror foremost started when the Gallic set out to support their political an societal thoughts. Committees were formed to give themselves to the protection and promotion of the revolution. The Committee of the Public Safety was established. The Levee en Masse was when the sans-culottes invade the convention and oust Girondist members. This gave the mountain complete control.

13 ) Why did France travel to war with Austria in 1792?

On April 20. 1792. France declared was against Austria. This marked the beginning of a more extremist revolution which is known a the Second Revolution. The Jacobins supported a democracy instead than a constitutional monarchy. There was a group of Jacobins that assumed leading in the Legislative Assembly. known as the Girondists. They were determined to oppose counterrevolutionary forces. They thought that Austria was against the revolution.

14 ) What is the Thermidorian Reaction?

July 1794 was the appeasement of the revolution. This was known as the Thermidorian reaction. This consisted of devastation of panic and establishment of the constitutional government. It was a widespread feeling that the revolution had become excessively extremist. The Girondists allowed to return to their seats in convention. amnesty was allowed for all captives. The commission of public safety was restructed. The Law of 22 Prairial was repealed. The Paris Commune was outlawed. There was more influence of the wealthy on society.

“The White Terror” was the executing of those involved in the Reign of Terror. There was a echt resurgence of Catholicism and a return to traditional household life. The Issue of the Constitution of the Year 111 was a political system based on belongings. This made the Gallic Revolution a master for the Bourgeoiose which is the upper in-between category. They got more rights. had belongings. and the money monetary value ordinance. Onscreen and June 1795 a pact was signed with Prussian an Spain.

Identify the undermentioned people/groups. Who are they? What was their function in the Revolution? What are they known for? If they are a author. include the rubric of their work.

1 ) Jacques Necker

Jacques Necker was appointed manager of fundss and replaced Brienne. The Aristocracy and church program to weaken Gallic monarchy. On July 11. without confer withing leaders. Louis XVI suddenly dismissed Necker.

2 ) Louis Sixteen

All though Louis XVI was unthreatening. he was weak and hovering. When Louis Xvi foremost started his reign. in an effort to derive popular support. he restored all the parlements and confirmed their old powers. On June 20th. Louis XVI locked the National Assembly out of their traditional meeting topographic point. Then if the autumn of Bastille. Louis XVI sent military personnels to Paris to disband the National Assembly. When the male monarchs military personnels fired into the crowd. this signaled a new way of the state. Louis XVI was forced to acknowledge the National Assembly and National Guard. Then with the March on Versailles. Louis Sixteen and his household were forced to travel to Paris. On April 10. 1792 a Parisian crowd invaded the royal castle and took Louis XVI and Marie Antionette captive. In December 1792. Louis XVI was convicted of cabaling against the autonomy of the people and the security of the province. Louis XVI was beheaded.

3 ) Marie Antoinette

On October 5. 1789 Marie Antionette and her hubby were forced to travel back to Paris by a group of Parisian adult females. In 1791. the Olympe de Gouge composed the Declaration of the Rights of Women. which was addressed to Marie Antionette. On April 10. 1792. Marie Antionette and her hubby were taken captive. Marie Antionette was charged for high lese majesty and consuming the nation’s hoarded wealth and incest. She was exceuted.

4 ) Assembly of Luminaries

They are made up of the First and Second Estate. They believed that naming the Estates General. which had been traditionally organized to let blue and church laterality. would bring forth a triumph for the aristocracy over the monarchy.

6 ) Olympe de Gouge

In 1971. the Olympe de Gouge composed the Declaration of the Rights of Women. It was addressed to Marie Antionette. It demanded that adult females be regarded as citizens and equal rights.

7 ) Jacobins

The Jacobins were a political nine organized out if the Third Estate. They supported a democracy instead than constitutional monarchy. They were extremist progressives. Jacobins wanted to acquire rid of the constitutional monarchy.

8 ) Girondins

A group of Jacobins assume leading in the Legislative Assembly. They are known as Girondins. They were determined to oppose counterrevolutionary forces. Girondins besides wanted representative

9 ) Mountain

They were more utmost and concerted Giorndists.

10 ) Edmund Burke

He was an English writer who attacked the revolution. He wrote “Reflections on the Revoltuion in France. ” He defended absolute monarchy and privileges of the aristocracy. He became a enchiridion for European conservativists.

11 ) Jacques Danton

He was one of the leaders of The Committee of Public Safety who had shown epic leading in September 1792. Robespierre turned against him in 1794.

12 ) Maximilien de Robespierre

13 ) Directory

The Directory was formed when Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety was formed.

14 ) Emigrants

Aristocrats that left France during the revolution