Health Exam 3

Health Exam 3

Microscopic organisms that are disease-causing agents
Pathogens
The bubonic plague is an example of a(n)
Epidemic
You want to decrease your risk of developing an infectious disease. Which of the factors can you control?
Nutritional status
Greg frequently gets cold sores (caused by HSV-1). He recently noticed that his left eye had a painful lesion, and he immediately made an appointment with his doctor. Greg’s eye most likely became infected with the herpes virus when he touched his mouth and shortly afterward rubbed his eye, which is transmission via
Autoinoculation
Any substance that triggers an immune response is an
antigen
Key factors in mounting an immune response include all of the following EXCEPT
red blood cells
a rise in body temperature that occurs to destroy invading cells is a(n)
fever
When invaded by antigens, the body forms substances called
antibodies
When the body overreacts to a specific antigen, which is a hypersensitivity reaction, this is a(n)
allergic response
You suffer from hay fever. The best way for you to minimize or prevent the symptoms of hay fever is to
avoid exposure to the plants that trigger your symptoms
While in the hospital, Daniel’s grandmother developed an inflammatory condition that involved a build-up of fluid in her lungs. His grandmother was suffering from
Pneumonia
All of the following are true about viruses EXCEPT
They reproduce outside of cells
Two weeks ago your nephew came down with the chickenpox while visiting, Now you have itchy, crusted spots on your arms and you feel terrible. You probably were infected with the chickenpox virus when your nephew was there but did not get sick until now because of the
incubation period
The common cold is always present in the population,meaning that it is
endemic
Which of the following best describes the relationship between getting a chill and contracting a cold?
a chill may indirectly increase a person’s risk for getting a cold by lowering the immune system’s resistance.
Hepatitis B infections have decreased internationally due to
public education and the increased availability of vaccines
Mallory spent her summer working at a seafood restaurant in a small coastal town. While there she began a relationship with a man she later discovered was a user of IV drugs. Now Mallory has hepatitis, which type of hepatitis is she likely to have?
hepatitis B
Candi was mortified when her doctor told her that she had a protozoal disease. She probably had
trichomoniasis
You cannot believe that you seem to have come down with the flu while vacationing at a peaceful resort on a lake. The only downside to the beautiful location is having to constantly apply mosquito repellent to fend off the annoying bugs. The illness you most likely have is
west mile virus
When maria’s boyfriend returned from the health clinic, he told her her had diagnosed with gonorrhea. Which of the following statements is true?
Maria should go to the clinic to get tested for gonorrhea and treated if she has it
Misty, now 31, has been trying to get pregnant since she got married 4 years ago. Her doctor suspects that their infertility problem was likely caused by her history of PID from the most commonly reported STI. During her early 20’s, Misty had contracted
Chlamydia
Delay in seeking medical care for PID increases the risk of permanent damage and scarring that can lead to
Infertility and ectopic pregnancy
Greg has suffered with recurrent cold sores since childhood. When finals were over, Greg and his girlfriend celebrated by going to their favorite romantic spot. Since Greg takes (FAMVIR), there is
still some chance that he could transmit the herpes virus to his girlfriend
Babies born to mothers with genital herpes should
be delivered by Cesarean section
Bethany is 42 and has cervical cancer. It is probably related to an infection she has during her college years, which is
HPV
Which of the following is caused by an increased production of a yeast-like fungus normally present in the vagina
Candidiasis
HIV can potentially be transmitted through all of the following EXCEPT
swimming in the same pool as an infected person
Barry just found out his HIV test is positive. which of the following statements is true?
Barry should seek treatment as soon as possible to slow the progression of the disease
The major risk factor for chronic bronchitis is
cigarette smoking
Emphysema may be categorized as a(n)
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Once a month Jason experiences a headache that is severe, last 6-8 hours, and is accompanied by vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light. He most likely has which type of headaches?
Migraine
You knitted scarves for all 12 of your cousins for christmas presents. Now your hands and fingers are tingling and moving your wrists is very painful. You probably have
carpel tunnel syndrome
Which type of immunity occurs when antibodies develop in response to a vaccine
Aritifically acquired active immunity
Which type of immunity occurs when antibodies develop in response to exposure to antigens encountered in the course of daily life
Naturally acquired active immunity
Which type of immunity occurs when antibodies pass from mother to fetus via placenta or from mother to baby via brest milk
Naturally acquired passive immunity
Which immune system malfunction occurs when the body develops antibodies that attack its own tissues
Autoimmunity
Which bacterial infection affects the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord and for which college students living in dorms are at a high risk than other populations?
Meningitis
The H1N1 outbreak that affected the US is an example of
Epidemic
A global outbreak of the flu is an example of
pandemic
The common cold is which type of infection?
Viral
Trichomoniasis is which type of infection
Protozoan
Candidiasis is which type of infection
Fungal
The largest form of pathogen is
Parasitic worm
The virus responsible for causing genital warts is
HPV
Which STI occurs in stages over a period of years
syphilis
Which type of infection can be contracted by sharing needles
Hepatitis B
Which of the following plays a major role in the body’s immune response
Lymphocytes
The stage of syphilis that is characterized by a bacteria-filled chancre is
Primary syphilis
The most significant indicator of HIV progressing into full blown AIDS is the reduction in the person’s helper T cells to 20% of the level present in a healthy person.
True
Two high-risk behaviors associated with the development of HIV/AIDS are having unprotected sex and injecting drugs
True
The hands are the greatest source of infectious disease transmission
True
All bacteria can cause disease in humans
False
Rates of most STIs have decreased in recent years
True
Proper use of a condom during sexual activity does not guarantee protection against STIs
False
Herpes can be cured in its early stages with proper antibiotic treatment
False
The terms HIV and AIDS are synonymous and can be used interchangeably
True
HIV can be transmitted through vaginal,anal,or oral sex
True
Choosing if and when to have children can be considered one of our greatest responsibilities
False
All spermicide are effective in preventing sexually transmitted infections
False
If a woman has a urinary tract infection and takes a pregnancy test, a false positive may result
True

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