Huac Elian Kazan And The Hollywood

Huac, Elian Kazan, And The Hollywood Ten Essay, Research Paper

HUAC, THE HOLLYWOOD TEN AND ELIAN KAZAN

Left wing groups influenced the Laborers in 1936. In 1933 John Howard Lawson, who was subsequently on the Hollywood 10, found the screen author? s club. The highest paid film writers so split from the group, and formed their ain brotherhood called the Screen Playwrights. The particular commission of un-American activities was founded in 1938 by Martin Dies. This commission was non good respected because they would subpoena random people, with no grounds at all.

As the old ages progressed, the name changed to House of Un-american Activities, which was besides known as HUAC. The house shortly began to convict good know film writers of communism. The? Communist huntsmans? about ever knew whom they wanted to name even though they made people name names. If they did non call names the screen authors would function six to twelve months in prison.

During WWII, when we were allied with the USSR, the United States were pro-soviet. But right when the war got over we were back to our old ways convicting good known stars of communism. Alger Hiss testified that he was non a Communist when he was called earlier HUAC. Although he was non a Communist, he was still sentenced to five old ages in prison for bearing false witness in 1950. Joseph McCarthy was the taking adult male in the battle against communism. He got a batch of imperativeness after the strong beliefs of the Hollywood 10. Many people in Hollywood were hurt by this unfairness. They had to take between their occupations or their friends. The bulk of the people who were tried had nil to make with the left wing. It was about impossible to happen occupations after you were called to the board if you did non call names. President Truman said this quotation mark on the hearings: ? This malicious propaganda has gone so far that on the 4th of July, over in Madison, Wisconsin, people were afraid to state that believed in the Declaration of Independence. A 100 and 12 people were asked to subscribe a request that contained nil except citations from the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. One Hundred and eleven people refused to subscribe that paper-many of them sort of insurgent papers and that they would lose their occupations or be called Communists. ?

ELIAN KAZAN

Elian Kazan is likely the most celebrated informant in the HUAC tests. Elian? s foremost thought on the tests was, that he was that he was non traveling to call names. He did non desire to attest against his friends and colleagues

. So when Elian foremost appeared before the House he did non call names, he did non desire to be a informer. He was scheduled to travel back once more. He began to hold uncertainties about non calling names. He confided in his friend Arthur Miller for support about his determination to call names. This ended their longtime friendly relationship.

When Elian went to attest, he went through with his program to call names. After he had done this he was so unfastened with his determination that shortly his friends, familiarities, and former colleagues went out of their manner to disregard Kazan. He found a friend in Budd Shulberg, who was besides a alleged? friendly witness. ? Thet formed an imitate bond with each other. they made a film together titled? On the Waterfront? Whose lead character was the 1 who squealed. Elian non merely ratted on his friends he did non experience bad about it. He had the changeless Question of? Did I do the right thing? ? run through his caput at times. But he ne’er felt severely about what he had done.

THE HOLLYWOOD TEN

The Hollywood 10 was 10 histrion, manufacturers, managers, and film writers who were called before the House of Un-american Activities Committee in October 1947. Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edwaard Dmytryk, Ring Lardner, John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbo all refused to reply questons sing their refusal. Evenafter

they were let out, Hollywood Studios blacklisted the 10.

Most of the Hollywood Ten ne’er once more worked in Hollywood. Dalton Trumbo wrote a book under the anonym of Robert Rich that won an Academy Award Oscar for Best Screenplay & # 8230 ; ? The Brave One. ? In the early 1960? s the black book disappeared and Trumbo and Lardner continued to compose screenplays under their ain names.

German author Bertolt Brecht, was originally included in the 10, but he fled the state. On November 14, 1947, the Hollywood Ten were convicted of Contempt of Congress and sentenced to six months or a twelvemonth in prison. Majority of them broke and admitted to being communist and named names of 26 others.

Bibliography

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