HUMN CH. 10-15

HUMN CH. 10-15

What is Mannerism?
a style of refined elegance, reflecting the virtuosity and sophistication of its practitioners, often by means of an exaggeration and distortion of proportion that tests the boundaries of the beautiful and ideal.
What is the Baroque?
complex forms, bold ornamentation, and the juxtaposition of contrasting elements often conveying a sense of drama, movement, and tension.
How does the vernacular manifest itself in Dutch painting?
Still Lifes: Paintings dedicated to the representation of common household objects and food.
Landscapes: Landscapes paintings reflect national pride in the country’s reclamation of its land from the sea
Genre Scenes: Paintings that depict events from everyday life are typical of genre scenes
Group Portrait: A large canvas commissioned by a civic institution to document or commemorate its membership at a particular time.
What is absolutism?
strong, centralized monarchies that exert royal power over their dominions, usually on the grounds of divine right.
Who were the philosopher and what was their relation to Rococo art and culture?
Francois Boucher, Bathasar Tiepolo, and Jean-Antione Watteau
What was the result of cross-cultural contact between Europeans and peoples of the South Pacific and China
European thinkers such as Rousseau and Voltaire thought that China offered a model of exemplary government.
Great fire of London 1666
requirements mandating the use of brick and stone over wood were made.
Absolutism vs liberalism
Liberalism means To free
Thomas Paine
political philosopher and writer best known for “Common Sense” which was the first pamphlet to advocate American independence.
George Mason
an American patriot who participated in the American Revolution and the Constitutional Convention and who was influential in penning the Bill of Rights.
Crispus Attucks
An African American who has escaped slavery 20 years before dying in the British Massacre
Paul Revere
The bloody Massacre, Paul Revere’s ride, Revolutionary Propaganda, Resisting taxation without Representation
Romanticism
a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.
Bloody Massacre
Paul Revere print of the boston massacre, widely distributed, arousing the colonists to even greater resistance, although its depiction of the troops brutally attacking a defenseless crowd misrepresented the facts.
Who was Karl Marx?
Middle-class german, believed that capitalism must be eliminated because of its inherent unfairness.
Communist Manifesto
Creator of Marxism
Marxism
The political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis for the theory and practice of communism.
Ernest Meissonier
French Classicist famous for his depictions of Napoleon, his armies and military themes.
Claude Monet
Founder of French impressionist, concerned with capturing light and natural forms
Harriet Beecher Stowe
American abolitionist and author, Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave.
Sojourner Truth
a slave who was sold four times before she was 30 and who ultimately became an abolitionist, a suffragette, and a preacher who promoted God’s truth and salvation.
Mark Twain
American writer, Author of two major classics of American literature: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Giuseppe Verdi
Italian Composer, led the way in politicizing opera compositions
Timothy O’Sullivan
shot the photograph A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pa, considered by some as “the most famous photograph” to come out of the American Civil War
Ralph Waldo Emerson
A Unitarian minister, chief spokesman for Transcendentalism
Henry David Thoreau
American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, Henry David Thoreau was a New England Transcendentalist, Emerson was mentor, dedicated abolitionist
Herman Melville
Celebrated American author Herman Melville wrote ‘Moby-Dick’ and several other sea-adventure novels
Who was Charles Dickens?
English Novelist, Depicted lives of English lower class, leading creator of a new type of prose fiction, literary realism, Advocate reform.
Madame Bovary – Flaubert
Wrote Madame Bovary
Attacked the Romantic sensibilities
Compared his writing to modern scientist, investigating the lives of his characters through careful and systematic observation (realism)
Nationalism
loyalty and devotion to a nation, one nation above all others
Patriotism
love for or devotion to one’s country
Realism
The depiction of contemporary life emphasizing fidelity to everyday experience and the facts and conditions of everyday life.
Slave Narratives in the U.S.
Abolitionist opposition to slavery only gained momentum in the United States when the American Anti-Slavery Society was established in 1833
Who wrote an autobiography that provides a compelling account of life under slavery?
Frederick Douglass
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
most influential tract of the abolitionist movement that describes the different fates of three slaves from Kentucky. Tells what it really was like as a slave.
Who issued a scathing indictment of industrial life in Condition of the Working Class in England?
a. Alphonse de Lamartine
b. Karl Marx
c. Friedrich Engels
d. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
B
Who painted Memory of Civil War, based on his experience as a captain of the Republican Guard defending the Hôtel de Ville in the June Days?
Ernest Meissonier
What was Édouard Manet’s motivation in creating large-scale, controversial works?
considered a flâneur, someone determined to shock a bourgeois audience.
Who composed Rigoletto and believed that opera should be dramatically realistic?
a. Giuseppe Verdi
b. Jacques Offenbach
c. Richard Wagner
d. Edwin P. Christy
A
Who shot the photograph A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pa., considered by some as “the most famous photograph” to come out of the American Civil War?
Timothy O’Sullivan
What did Napoleon III commission Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann to do?
Modernize the city of Paris Improved housing and sanitation
Increased traffic flow
Encouraged growth in the city’s shopping districts
Who painted Impression: Sunrise, which played a significant role in giving Impressionism its name?
Claude Monet
What is the French phrase for painting done out of doors?
a. en plein air
b. ennui
c. raison d’être
d. vis-à-vis
A
What is impressionism? (ART)
a style of art developed in the last third of the 19th century, characterized chiefly by short brush strokes of bright colors in immediate juxtaposition to represent the effect of light on objects.
What is impressionism? (music)
a late-19th-century and early-20th-century style of musical composition in which lush harmonies, subtle rhythms, and unusual tonal colors are used to evoke moods and impressions.
Walden, or Life in the Woods by Henry David Thoreau was dedicated to what?
Thoreau viewed it as vulnerable to human encroachment, an insight that proved him far ahead of his time.
The structure of Renoir’s Luncheon of the Boating Party is intended to
a. showcase Renoir’s skill in color-field technique.
b. serve as a forerunner to the subsequent work of Paul Cézanne.
c. establish visual relationships that match conversational relationships within the painting.
d. capture the “human” element of the middle class.
C
What is the impression or attitude of Robert Koehler’s The Strike?
It captures the mood of the workers and their bosses.
Duke Ellington
An originator of big-band jazz, an American composer, pianist and bandleader who composed thousands of scores over his 50-year career.
Louis Armstrong
Considered one of the most influential artists in jazz history, known for songs “Star Dust,” “La Vie En Rose” & “What a Wonderful World.”
Freud
Father of Psychoanalysis, theory that the mind is complex energy-system, refined the concepts of the unconscious, infantile sexuality and repression, and he proposed a tripartite account of the mind’s structure
Carl Jung
Founded analytic psychology, proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious.
Stravinsky Rite of Spring
Ballet and Orchestra concert, the avant-garde nature of the music and choreography caused a sensation and a near-riot in the audience.
Van Gogh – Starry Night
depicts the view from the east-facing window of his asylum room at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, just before sunrise, with the addition of an idealized village. Considered Van Gogh’s finrest works.
Picasso, Braque
Important figures of Modernism, Friends, worked together, invented Cubism which is a new style of painting that shattered traditional forms of artistic representation.
Matisse
French artist, Important figure of Modernism, modernism takes place in the light of day, Picasso’s in the dark of night, known for both his use of color and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
The Bolsheviks
member of a wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party, which, led by Lenin, seized control of the government in Russia(October 1917) and became the dominant political power.
Salvador Dali
Spanish artist and Surrealist icon, sense of self-alienation is central to the work, painted The Persistence of Memory(Melting clocks)
Modernism
Modernism is a philosophical, cultural, artistic and social movement or school of thought
New form of expression
Surrealism
A modern movement in art and literature that tries to express the subconscious mind, most basis theme- the self in all its complexity.
Futurism
repudiated static art and sought to render what they thought of as the defining characteristic of modern urban life—speed.
Who wrote the General Principles of Relativity?
Einstein
Pablo Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon was notoriously known as what?
Most famous example of cubism painting
With whom did Pablo Picasso develop Cubism
Braque
Picasso – Girl Before a Mirror
Considered erotic, Variety of reactions to this painting, cubism, addresses Surrealism’s most basis theme- the self in all its complexity, presents himself in it, harlequin design
Picasso – Guernica
links the tragedy of Guernica to the ritualized bullfight, portrays a sense of violence and helpless suffering
The Rite of Spring was written by whom?
Stravinsky
Who enjoyed a five-year engagement at Harlem’s Cotton Club and performed It Don’t Mean a Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing), introducing the term “swing” to jazz culture?
Duke Ellington
With which of the following are the terms “id,” “ego,” and “superego” most closely associated?
Sigmund Freud
Who created Persistence of Memory?
Salvador Dali
The Harlem Renaissance
a cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s, African-American Great Migration, rebirth of African-American arts
James Joyce – Stream of Consciousness Narrative, Ulysses
Introduced the stream-of-consciousness narrative through novel Ulysses
Tom Stoppard
Czech-born British playwright, Themes of human rights, censorship and political freedom pervade his work along with exploration of linguistics and philosophy. Key playwright of the National Theatre
Edward Albee
American playwright, language is a barrier to communication, that speech is almost futile, and that we are condemned to isolation and alienation.
Samuel Beckett
Most popular absurdist plays Waiting for Godot, one of the last modernist writers, key figure to Theatre of the Absurd
Jean Paul Sartre
Existentialism, humans must define their own essence through their existential being, his work Being and Nothingness outlines the nature of this condition
Joseph Heller
work is the novel Catch-22, a satire on war and bureaucracy, whose title has become a synonym for an absurd or contradictory choice.
Roy Lichtenstein
Comic-strip paintings, pop art, a conscious parody of Seurat’s pointillism, taught “authentic” gesture of abstract expressionism to college students
Jackson Pollock
an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement, known for his unique style of drip painting
Andy Warhol
Realist art, Soup Can, Pop art,
Gil Scott Heron
Performer/soul and jazz spoken word poet, influence the development of hip-hop.
Jean-Michel Basquiat
A Neo-Expressionist painter, best known for his primitive style and his collaboration with pop artist Andy Warhol.
Leonard Bernstein
one of the first American-born conductors to receive worldwide fame. He composed the score for the Broadway musical West Side Story.
Reverend Martin Luther King
Baptist minister and social activist, leader of the modern American Civil Rights Movement mid 1950s-1968
The Guerrilla Girls
Group of women hanging posters in New York City to draw attention to the problem of sexism and racism within the art world
Sartre’s existential perspective includes only one certainty
Death
The Theatre of the Absurd(definition, major play, characteristics):
a theater in which the meaninglessness of existence is the central thematic concern, No exist was a major play, a sense that language is a barrier to communication, that speech is almost futile, and that we are condemned to isolation and alienation
Who wrote Waiting for Godot, which features two characters, Vladimir and Estragon, waiting and doing nothing?
Samuel Beckett
What might have been the original appeal of the Theater of the Absurd as presented in Waiting for Godot?
• Waiting for Godot contains stage conventions that were new when the play first appeared; the stage is essentially barren during the entire play.
• The play progresses with no progress, forcing the audience to come to terms with the reality of a non-plot.
• The play contains no development, no conclusion, and no resolution.
Which painter is most associated with “action painting”?
Jason Pollock
The Beat generation is best described as ?
sought a heightened and, they believed, more authentic style of life, defined by alienation, nonconformity, sexual liberation, drugs, and alcohol.
The term “Pop Art” came to refer to art that reflects what?
Represented reality in terms of the media—advertising, television, comic strips—the imagery of mass culture.
During the 1960s, which of the following U.S. cities was considered the center of the civil rights movement?
New York City, Birmingham, Berkeley
Which of the following artists is most closely associated with a series of paintings of Campbell’s Soup cans?
Andy Warhol
Which of the following artists is most closely associated with Ben Day dots, which he used to create enlarged comic strips?
Roy Lichtenstein
Whose poems contributed to the development of hip-hop?
Gil Scott Heron
Who was instrumental in introducing graffiti to the art world?
Jean-Michel Basquiat
What event solidified moderate white support for the civil rights movement?
the bombing of a Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama

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