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Bureaucratic Structures of the Future

Bureaucratic Structures of the Future The future of the business organization has been analyzed by a number of theorists in recent years as they look to the beginning of a new century and a new millennium. Many find that the organization of the future will involve less bureaucracy and more small-scale community based structures, and they find evidence of this in companies that today are developing smaller-scale structures and work units with a higher degree of autonomy than would be expected in a hierarchical organization. Developing this new structure will involve shifts not only in structure but in ways of thinking about problems, opportunities, and strategies. An examination of some…
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Bribery and Corruption in Boston

Bribery and Corruption in Boston This paper will analyze the effects of bribery and corruption in the political arena in Boston, Massachusetts. The discussion will show that the city of Boston has a long history of corruption, as well as point out the role that some Irish political leaders have played in the political scene during the last century in this particular region. Boston's history is full of Irish political leaders like Hugh O'Brien, Patrick Collins, Martin Lomasney, Patrick Kennedy, and John F. Fitzgerald. More recent Irish leaders include recent mayors of Boston: James Mich'l Curley (who left Boston with his legacy of political corruption) (Hirsch, 996), Maurice Tobin, and…
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AMERICAN HEALTHWAYS PROCESS STRUCTURE CASE

AMERICAN HEALTHWAYS PROCESS STRUCTURE CASE AMERICAN HEALTHWAYS PROCESS STRUCTURE CASE The functional structure is perhaps the most widely used organizational structure where various functionsùmanufacturing, finance, etcùform the basis of the organization. Functional structures encourage skill specialization, which may result in greater savings; in addition, resources are used full-time and careers can be mapped based on specialization. Because routine tasks are emphasized, managers and others may focus on short-term time horizons. Accountability can be lost due to interdepartmental dependencies. In the divisional structure, the organization is structured around individual products or units. Thus General Electric's structure is based on aircraft engines as one division while its household appliances is another (276).…
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A STRATEGIC AUDIT OF ABBOTT LABORATORIES

A STRATEGIC AUDIT OF ABBOTT LABORATORIES A STRATEGIC AUDIT OF ABBOTT LABORATORIES A strategic audit was performed on Abbott Laboratories. Background information is presented on the company before the findings of the analyses are presented. The analyses included in the strategic audit of the company over the company's external environment, the company's internal environment, the strategies pursued by the company, the company's organizational structure and control systems, the company's past performance, and predictions of the company's future performance. Abbott Laboratories began as a home-based business started by Dr. Wallace Abbott near Chicago in 1888. From the beginning, Abbott gave marketing as much attention at was given to research and production.…
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The Four Dragons and Economic Development
York W

The Four Dragons and Economic Development York W York W. Bradshaw and Michael Wallace (95) identified South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong as the ôfour little dragonsö while further characterizing Japan as the quintessential Asian success story and China and Vietnam as awakening economic giants. All of these countries share some characteristics: they either have well-developed or emerging market-driven economies and a group oriented approach to economics and society. This essay will consider characteristics of the four dragons, the degree to which they represent modernization theory, the primary factors contributing to their development, and the inequalities that continue to plague these countries today. With a population of 2.8 million,…
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Teaching Economics

Teaching Economics The benefits of teaching economics by way of classroom exercises that model market behavior have been touted for years. The purpose of such exercises is to have students engage in market-actor role-playing and actually emulate the activities of real-world economic actors in a scenario designed to demonstrate economic principles, or more exactly to enable students to arrive inductively at appreciation of economic principles by participating in their generation. In that connection, it has been observed that students who participate in market trading scenarios as buyers and sellers "come away impressed with the strong pressures to trade at a uniform price. This reaction is then mixed with surprise when…
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Pension Plans in the UK & the US

Pension Plans in the UK & the US At a general level, this research presents a comparison of standard financial accounting principles in the United Kingdom with those in the United States. More specifically, this comparison is made with respect to accounting and reporting by retirement benefit plans (pension plans). There are two general types of pension plans (retirement benefit plans). The first type requires a stipulated contribution (by an employer or by a combination of employer and employee) to a pension plan. Payouts from such plans are largely determined by the value of the fund (or the value of an employee's share of the fund). This type of pension…
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LONG TERM OPINIONS AND DAY TRADERS

LONG TERM OPINIONS AND DAY TRADERS On Wednesday, April 18, day traders (as well as most financial analysts) were shocked when the Fed announced a half-a-point reduction in the prime rate. Even the most knowledgeable traders were hoping for such an announcement at the next Fed meeting, May 15. The move sent the NYSE up some 399 points, but frustrated some day traders who were counting on long-term slow growth, and in some cases (especially in dot-com and tech stocks on the NASDAQ) were selling short. "Given the troubled technology sector's drag on the economy, the Federal Reserve Board's rate cut Wednesday seemed to be targeted squarely at Silicon Valley"…
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Homelessness

Homelessness Despite many misconceptions about what kinds or types of people makeup the homeless population, the fact of the matter is that many working families and a variety of other kinds of individuals not commonly associated with homeless stereotypes help makeup this problematic for U.S. society and legislators demographic. According to the Stewart B. McKinney Act (1994), any person is considered homeless who: Lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence and ... has a primary night time residency that is: (A) a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations ... (B) an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized,…
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FREE TRADE AGREEMENT OF THE AMERICAS
A Free Trade

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT OF THE AMERICAS A Free Trade A Free Trade Agreement of the Americas is envisioned. The Agreement would include all countries in the Western hemisphere (with the exception of those such as Cuba, which the United States boycotts). The movement toward the expansive Free Trade Agreement of the Americas is two decades old, but has lost some steam as the major Latin American countries appear to be beginning to tire of negotiation with the United States. In such negotiations, the United States tends to give little, but demand much. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) became effective on 1 January 1994. Under NAFTA, virtually all trade…
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