POS module 5 quiz

POS module 5 quiz

For which of the following would the Supreme Court most likely apply an “intermediate scrutiny” standard of review to determine whether the policy is an unconstitutional violation of the equal protection clause?
having different minimum ages for men and women to marry
what did the jim crow laws mandate?
racial segregation
the Thirteenth Amendment bans slavery. When was it passed?
immediately after the civil war
What did the Supreme Court decide in Korematsu v. United States (1944) regarding the internment of American citizens of Japanese ancestry living in the United States?
it was permissible
School busing policies were designed to overcome __________.
de facto segregation
The Tailhook Association’s 1991 convention became notorious for __________.
sexual harrasment
What is the status of affirmative action in college admissions after the Supreme Court decisions in the two cases involving the University of Michigan, Gratz v. Bollinger (2003) and Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)?
Affirmative action policies are generally permissible, but they cannot involve race-based quotas or numerical point systems.
According to the Supreme Court’s decisions in the Civil Rights Cases (1883), in which of the following areas could racial discrimination occur?
How do the inherently suspect and reasonableness standards differ?
the inherently suspect standard is a higher threshold for determining whether the law is constitution
Why did Southern states enact poll taxes?
to get around 15th amendment
What was the Supreme Court’s justification in Brown v. Board of Education?
school segregation violated the 14th amendments guarantee of equal protection
The Supreme Court’s decision in Lawrence v. Texas (2003) primarily enhanced the civil liberties of __________.
gays and lesbians
In Dred Scott v. Sandford, the Supreme Court declared that African Americans were __________.
The freedom riders attempted to prevent civil rights activists from integrating the South.
Since the 1950s, the Supreme Court has gradually eliminated virtually all de facto segregation in the United States.
Suffrage is the legal right to vote.
The Indian Bill of Rights extended most provisions of the Bill of Rights to tribal governments.
The passage of the Equal Rights Amendment has helped ensure women’s equality in the workplace.
In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court overturned the separate-but-equal doctrine that the Court had established in Brown v. Board of Education.
Even though the Hispanic population is fairly small, they earned their civil rights earlier and more completely than did African Americans.
The termination of the “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy during the Obama administration allows gays to serve openly in the military.
The admissions office at a public university could likely establish a permissible affirmative action policy that awards minority students by bumping up their SAT score by 100 points.
Gender classifications are evaluated by the Supreme Court using the “inherently suspect” standard to ensure that they are necessary to serve a compelling public interest and that they are the only way to accomplish that goal.
Title IX of the Education Act of 1972 has expanded educational and sports opportunities for female students.
Reconstruction was the era of racial healing that followed the civil rights movement.
Americans rate the importance of protecting minority rights relatively high compared to citizens of other democracies.
The civil rights movement used tactics such as sit-ins, marches, and civil disobedience to advance equal opportunities in the political and economic sectors.
Many states currently use the white primary as a form of affirmative action for electoral politics.

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