Robinson Crusoe was born in 1632 in York as third son. Robinson Crusoe is an English man from thane town of York who is the youngest son of a merchant of German origin. His parents wish him to study law and would like to see him as a great lawyer but Crusoe has some other plan. He shows his wish to go to sea, but his family, especially his father is against his wish. His father tries to convince him to give up his dream to go to sea but Crusoe is determined.
His childhood went by, and he was always looking at ships. He always wanted to go far away, so he accepted to be a salesman and a sailor. He went on his first sail. It was so terrifying that he changed his mind and decided to ask his father for forgiveness. When the storm settled, and the journey became pleasant, he forgot about that decision.
He was thirsty for money and fine, so he went to Guinea to make a sale. It went successfully so he moved towards Africa, but the Moorish pirates attacked the ship and he is made a slave in the North African town of Sallee. One day while fishing, he and another slave named Xury. Xury escape and sail down to the African coast. One Portuguese captain helps them; he buys Xury from Crusoe and takes him to Brazil. He visits Brazil. And he suggested Robinson visit his friend who had a sugar plantation. Robinson bought some land and started a sugar cane plantation. After four years he went back to the sea. After 12 days of peaceful sailing, the ship encountered a storm. From all of the sailors, only Robinson saved himself.
He ended up on deserted island and didn’t know where he was, but for him the only important thing was that he is still alive. He started looking for a shelter and found a cave where he made a calendar so that he would know what year and day it is.
He began making his own clothes and everything else that went to waste with time. He tried to make a boat several times and save himself, but he never succeeded. After a few attempts to run away, he got caught in a storm and barely made it out alive. Unfortunately the ship the nearby didn’t have that luck, and every one died. The only survivor was a dog who Crusoe named Jack. Crusoe learned a lot of new things for example how to hunt. He made some chairs and a table started a diary learned how to make different how to make different tools. It all kept him from going insane.
In the next four years he managed to plant some rice and wheat. After he had taken care of food and shelter he went on exploring the island. His peaceful stay in the island. He found out that there are turtles on the island. He never gave up his wish to escape the island. So he built another boat. It was too heavy, so he built a canoe to help him sail around the island. When the wind almost carried him to the open sea, he gave up on his escape from the island.
After spending about fifteen years on the island, Crusoe found a man’s naked footprint. He was taking a walk when he heard some noise and saw a man who was defending himself from the cannibals. Crusoe saved him and because it was Friday he named him Friday. Crusoe and Friday made plans to leave the island and, accordingly, they built another boat. Crusoe also undertook Friday’s religious education, converting the savage into a Protestant. Crusoe has a friend to talk and share. After some time the cannibals again come with some captives whom again Crusoe reuses. One is a Spaniard and the other turns out to be Friday’s father. With the information given by the Spaniard they all set out to save other sixteen Spaniard who have been marooned. After eight days, they see the sight of the English ship approaching the island. Crusoe is suspicious. Friday and Crusoe watch that eleven men held three captives onshore in a boat. Nine of them start to explore the island and two of them stay there to guard the captives. Friday and Crusoe overpower the guards and release the captives, one of them is a captain of a ship which has been taken in a mutiny. Crusoe and Friday shout from different places so as to confuse them and make them tire running from here to there. Eventually they confront the mutineers’ telling them that all may escape with their lives except the ringleader. The men surrender. Crusoe and the captain pretend that the island is imperial territory and the governor has saved their lives in order to send them all to England to face justice. Keeping five men as hostage, Crusoe sends the other men out to seize the ship.
On December 19, 1686 Crusoe boards the ship to return to his homeland England. There he finds his all family members have died except two sisters. The widow has kept his money safe. Knowing that his plantation in Brazil has been in great profit he sells them and earns a very good fortune. He donates some portion to good widow and his two sisters. Being so restless he considers returning to Brazil, but the thought of being a Catholic prevents him to go. He marries and his wife dies. Crusoe finally goes to East Indies as trader and revisits the island the island where he finds the Spaniards are governing the island properly and it has become prosperous colony.