The peace motive as illustrated in the City of God

In his book, “The City of God, ” St Augustine of Hippo writes to defend Christianity against pagan claims of abandonment from God. When the town of Rome fell in 410, many citizens argued that it was Christianity’s fault, but Augustine says that the blood vessels was on the palms of those who go against sb/sth ? disobey God by trying to find serenity in earthly things. He or she also puts the town of Rome in an assessment with the heavenly Metropolis to exhibit the differences regarding true happiness through peace between the two metropolitan areas.

Augustine begins his writing by expressing his response to the particular people’s claim of Lord coming to fault. Augustine states that the pagan believers “were more attached to typically the seductions of foul spirits” which is the main reason that they “take no blame for the evil they perform, but blame Christianity for the evil they suffer” (208). This quote clarifies the reason the location gets corrupt. Because of typically the citizens sinful ways, the particular joy in the city is usually crushed from the enemy. Typically the absence of joy focuses on the search for happiness which- when not focused on God- causes that will search to stay earthly items. This also explains Augustine’s response to the pagans when he tells these people which they “still wallow inside sin even in the depths of sorrows” (208). The sin becomes stuck in a cycle when the unjust search regarding happiness causes more sin which causes more searching plus so on. Augustine says that in God, of which search is unnecessary.

As Augustine continues, he describes in order of which one can find the particular sufficient way to obtain happiness: serenity with God. He commences by explaining that, even when Rome was below the praise of the particular pagan gods, the 1 true God was constantly in control. The old questionnable heroes of Rome were moral, and Augustine says that the “splendid of the Empire” was a tiny reward of “temporal glory” for the “praiseworthy efforts regarding virtue by which they strove to attain” (212). This reward was coming from God, but because these people praised others, the glory was only short-term. The particular pagans received their incentive and basked inside it, thus they now “have zero right to complain associated with the justice of the true and supreme God, ” Augustine says (212). On the other hand, “the reward of the particular saints is altogether different” (212). While on earth, they suffered hatred in addition to afflictions by standing regarding God and loving him or her supremely. This love in addition to admiration was rewarded with citizenship in the Town of God, something very much more lasting than the pagan’s reward. Resisting the lookup for happiness in earthly substances pays off regarding the righteous. Augustine states that in God’s Metropolis, “there reigns that true and perfect happiness” in addition to it can only end up being explained like a “gift associated with God” (212). This gets the basis of Augustine’s comparisons between earth in addition to Heaven.

One of Augustine’s main targets in “The City associated with God” is to not only display the differences in between Rome and the beautiful City but also in order to show how Rome ought to have mimicked the divine City. Augustine first describes how the earthly people use perishable means to be able to ease the pain regarding the “supreme evil” (214). There is no purpose to relieve the pain when one can eradicate it entirely. The earthly city looks for a limited amount of happiness and digs deeper plus deeper in the incorrect direction for the real treasured goal. The heavenly citizens morally use the particular happiness of earth as a stepping stone in order to the promised peace associated with God. Earth’s city “has flowered from a self-centered love” and from a “lust for domination” although God’s City is “rooted in the love of God” and in “service to one another in charity” (209). Shaping the particular earthly associated with Rome following the holy City of Our god makes sense to Augustine. He says that “the main peace is for those who find their joy in God” in addition to reaching this peace leaves man “perpetually endowed together with life” (216). It truly is unnecessary to continue to wheel one’s self by chasing after the very thing that God is offering your pet or her. In God’s City, peace is totally sufficient. All things pursue after this peace so this makes sense to Augustine to strive to wind up as the holy City. The only method this can be carried out is “by religious belief where citizens adore a single God alone and function him with complete dedication, ” Augustine says (215). The earthly city should let go of the boasting acts and “refer every good act done” to God (216).

“ The City of God” is the platform for Augustine that will he uses to indicate, defend, and proclaim God. Throughout his work, Augustine shows that peace aside from God has numerous shortcomings. The only way to get true peace is usually to be in God’s presence. The fall of Rome is just typically the ending consequences in the temporal glory given to typically the moral heroes of typically the earthly empire of The italian capital. The only indestructible, eternal rule is that of God in his / her heavenly City. This Town holds the “supreme good of eternal life” plus fulfilling peace which, based to Augustine, can easily become found in God (214).

Works Cited ·

Saint Augustine “ from The town of God. ” Rosemary Mims Fisk, John Mayfield, and W. J. Wallace (eds), Samford University Core Texts Readers , Volume. 1, ISBN: 9781581529999